The world witnessed economic growth and prosperity since the industrial revolution mainly due to increased e ciencies in the use of better and higher concentrations of energy in fossil fuels. The excessive usage has comparatively increased the consumption rate of fossil fuel over its production, resultantly impacting human life and modern technological society which currently is heavily dependent on oil as a fuel. The development of the renewable energy sources is imperative to avoid complete dependence on crude oil and many countries blessed with renewable energy natural resources are rapidly turning towards clean fuel
Pakistan is among such countries which is abundantly blessed by nature with renewable energy like wind and solar. Pakistan, being on the Sun Belt, is highly suitable for generation of electricity through solar. Global irradiation falling on the horizontal surface is about 1,800-2,200 kWh/m2 per year.